Introduction

Cueva Victoria is a large cave with an interesting geological, paleontological and mining history. This site is important because of the large amount of fossilized fauna (54 vertebrate species) and the presence of human remains.

 

Of particular interest among the fauna is the presence of some species of african origin (especially a big ape called Theropithecus cf. oswaldi)  which could indicate a migration from Africa to Europe in the early Quaternary and probably across the straits of Gibraltar. 

 

The human remains recovered are just a few but very important and represent together with the fossils from Orce  the oldest in Western Europe. 

 

Cueva Victoria has also a long mining history, it was used as manganese mine in the late 19th century , the miners altered the original shape of the cave, e. g. made tunnels, ventilation holes and other things.

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